Smithsonian

Grading Key


Document A
The sugar tong and cone shows the commercial connection between the colonies and Great Britain. They also symbolize the Sugar Act of 1764, which began the new tax regime on the colonies.

Document B
The front page of the Pennsylvania Journal shows the colonial feelings toward the Stamp Act of 1765. The colonists believed the act violated their rights as Englishmen. They claimed the tax was passed without their consent and they planned strong resistance to it.

Document C
The cartoon shows the lawlessness that was taking place in 1774 in Boston. It demonstrates how the colonists were reacting to the Intolerable Acts and how the British viewed this illegal and increasingly violent behavior.

Document D
In this letter, John Andrews makes clear that the colonists believe that England plans to oppress them, and that commercial boycott is the most effective way to resist this unwarranted grab for power by Parliament.

Document E
The pulling down of the statue of George III demonstrates the division in the colonies between rebels and loyalists. The group to the left of the statue hails the destruction. The group on the right seems perplexed and alarmed.

Document F
St. John suggests that the Americans are different in their views and expectations from Europeans. These “new Americans” are less prejudiced, more tolerant, and less willing to accept subordination or servility. He predicts that one day the Americans will cause great change in the world.