Objective: To gather and classify information from observation of
photographs; to have students differentiate between fact and inference.
1. Divide the class into small groups of four
2. Have groups view photographs 1-15 and ask them to record as
much information as possible about each photograph. Suggest that students try
to identify the pieces of furniture, kinds of equipment, clues as to the kind
of business conducted, number of men and women, whether supervisors are present
and how they can be identified, and other observations pertinent to the topic
of office work.
3. Discuss, as a class, information obtained
by observation. Using the blackboard, classify the information into fact and
inference. For example, that women are in the photographs is fact; that
the women are secretaries is inference.
4. Draw up a list of possible sources one
would use to substantiate the inferences, such as newspaper articles,
interviews, and company archives.