Objective: To organize information obtained by
observation and order it in historical sequence; to use evidence to support
hypotheses. To discuss, analyze, and interpret information.
1. A few days before conducting this activity assign
portions of the essay for reading. If your students have Internet access, they
can read the essay online. Be aware, however, that the photo list contains some of the same images
that illustrate the essay. Therefore, students may be able to find the answers
to Question 2 below, if they click on the images when reading the essay
online. One way to avoid this problem is by printing out the text-only version
of the site and assigning from there.
The photographs are ONLY available online; the
Smithsonian Office of Education cannot provide print copies.
2. Ask students to decide the order of all fifteen
photographs, from oldest to most recent, and to list the order on a piece of paper.
Alert students that some of the photographs were taken in the same year or era.
They should also write down the reasons why they came to their conclusions.
3. In a class discussion ask students to explain and defend
their choices, citing evidence in the photographs and from their
4. Confirm the correct order of photographs using the chart
below and discuss any discrepancies between students' choices and the available