Smithsonian

Fact, Fiction: Step Two

Distribute Document A, “Recollection of George Hewes,” and read aloud with class. Model the process of determining status of source, immediacy, motive, bias and reliability by using the “Who’s to Blame” organizer (see sample think-aloud below).

Sample think-aloud:

Well, I know this was written in 1834, so I know that the author couldn’t have been at the Boston Massacre, which was in 1770. So this is a secondary source. It doesn’t have immediacy because it was written so long after the event. I know the motive for writing this was to record the memories of someone who had been at the Boston Massacre. I think there may be bias in this piece. George Hewes was a patriot, fought in the war, and was considered a hero. Therefore, he was not on the side of the British. I guess I can assume that this document is somewhat reliable, but I need other sources to verify that what this author says is true. This says that in March of 1770 some men were killed in Boston by British soldiers and that it may have started because a boy didn’t get paid for a haircut.