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In 1972, Congress passed a proposal for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. The amendment failed to receive the required three-fourths approval by the states in the allotted seven-year time period. After a three-year extension, the proposal finally expired in 1982.
On June 30, 1982, the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was officially stopped, three states short of ratification. An analysis of the ERA vote shows that the gender and racial imbalance in the legislatures contributed greatly to its defeat. In 1982, more than two-thirds of the women and all of the African Americans in the targeted legislatures cast pro-ERA votes, but less than 50 percent of the white men voted for the ERA.

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