Pennsylvania Gazette, Nov 7, 1765, transcription
WE hear from Halifax, in the province of Nova-Scotia, that on Sunday,
the 13th inst. in the morning, was discovered hanging on the gallows behind the
Citadel Hill, the effigies of a stampman, accompanied with a boot and devil,
together with labels suitable to the occasion (which we cannot insert, not
being favoured with the same) this we are informed gave great pleasure and
satisfaction to all the friends of liberty and their country there, as they
hope from this instance of their zeal, the neighbouring colonies will be
charitable enough to believe that nothing but their dependent situation,
prevents them from heartily and sincerely opposing a tax unconstitutional in
its nature, and of so destructive a tendency as must infallibly entail poverty
and beggary on us and our posterity, if carried in execution.
On the 23d instant the Great and General Court met here, according to
adjournment; and we bear that almost every member of the honourable house of
representatives have received instructions from their constituents; and that
they are of the same import with those already published.
We hear that the merchants and friends to
America in England, were determined to use their utmost endeavours the next
session of Parliament, in order to get the stamp act repealed.
Extract of a Letter from a principal House in England to a Gentleman in
If this cursed Act is not repealed, we shall be great
Sufferers, and our Manufacturers thrown on their Parishes, for want of Support,
whilst People who employed them, will not be in a much better Situation. The
Avenues of Remittances are stopped with you, and Trade, the Basis and
Foundation of England's Wealth, is intirely shut up. We dread the Consequence,
and know not to what Fatality we are destined.
NEW-YORK, November 4.
The late extraordinary and unprecedented preparations in Fort George, and
the securing of the stamped paper in that garrison, having greatly alarmed and
displeased the inhabitants of this city, a vast number of them assembled last
Friday evening in the commons, from whence they marched down the Fly (preceded
by a number of lights) and having stopped a few minutes at the Coffee-house,
proceeded to the Fort walls, where they broke open the stable of the L--t G--r,
took out his coach, and after carrying the same through the principal streets
of the city, in triumph marched to the commons, where a gallows was erected; on
one end of which was suspended the effigy of the person whose property the
coach was; in his right hand he held a stamped bill of lading, and on his
breast was affixed a paper with the following inscription, The rebel drummer
in the year 1715: At his back was fixed a drum, the badge of his
profession; at the other end of the gallows hung the figure of the devil, a
proper companion for the other, as 'tis supposed it was intirely at his
instigation he acted: After they had hung there a considerable time, they
carried the effigies, with the gallows intire, being preceded by the coach, in
a grand procession to the gate of the Fort, where it remained for some time,
from whence it was removed to the Bowling green, under the muzzles of the Fort
guns, where a bon-fire was immediately made, and the drummer, devil, coach,
&c. were consumed amidst the acclamations of some thousand spectators, and
we make no doubt, but the L--t G--r, and his friends, had the mortification of
viewng the whole proceeding from the ramparts of the Fort: But the business of
the night not being yet concluded, the whole body proceeded with the greatest
decency and good order to Vaux-Hall, the House of M--r J--s, who, it was
reported, was a friend to the stamp act, and had been over officious in his
duty, from whence they took every individual article, to a very considerable
amount; and having made another bon-fire, the whole was consumed in the flames,
to the great satisfaction of every person present; after which they dispersed,
and every man went to his respective habitation. The whole affair was conducted
with such decorum, that not the least accident happened. The next evening
another very considerable body assembled at the same place, having been
informed that the L--t G--r had qualified himself for the distribution of the
stamped paper, were determined to march to the Fort, in order to insist upon
his delivering it into their hands, or to declare that he would not undertake
to distribute the same; but before this resolution could be executed, the minds
of the people were eased by the L--t G--r's sending the following declaration
from the Fort, viz.
THE Lieutenant Governor declares he will do nothing in relation to
the stamps, but leave it to Sir Henry Moore, to do as he pleases on his
New-York, November 2, 1765.,
By Order of his Honour,
Gw. Banyar, D. Cl. Con.
At a general meeting of the Freemen, inhabitants of the county of Essex,
in New-Jersey, at the free Borough of Elizabeth, on the 25th day of October, in
the year of our Lord 1765, being the anniversary of the happy accession of his
present Majesty King George the Third, to the crown of Great-Britain, &c.
upon which occasion the said freemen unanimously, and with one voice declared,
- First. That they have at all times heretofore,
and ever would bear true allegiance to his Majesty King George the Third,
and his royal predecessors, and wished to be governed agreeable to the
laws of the land, and the British constitution, to which they ever had,
and for ever most chearfully would submit.
- Secondly. That the stamp act, prepared for the British
colonies in America, in their opinion, is unconstitutional; and should the
same take place, agreeable to the tenor of it, would be a manifest
destruction and overthrow of their long enjoyed, boasted and invaluable
liberties and privileges.
- Thirdly. That they will, by all lawful ways and means,
endeavour to preserve and transmit to posterity, their liberty and
property, in as full and ample manner as they received the same from their
- Fourthly. That they will discountenance and discourage,
by all lawful measures, the execution and effect of the stamp act.
That they will detest, abbor, and bold in the utmost contempt, all and
every person or persons, who shall meanly accept of any employment or
office, relating to the stamp act, or shall take any shelter or advantage
from the same; and all and every stamp pimp, informer, favourer and
encourager of the execution of the said act; and that they will have no
communication with any such person, nor speak to them on any occasion, unless
it be to inform them of their vileness.
We have certain information from Boston, that the
printers there intend to continue their papers, and to risk the penalties--and
that if any of them were to stop on account of the stamp act, their offices
would be in danger from the enraged people.
CITY of NEW-YORK, October 31, 1765.
AT a general Meeting of the Merchants of
the City of New-York, trading to Great-Britain, at the House of Mr. George
Burns, of the said City, Inn-holder, to consider what was necessary to be done
in the present Situation of Affairs, with respect to the Stamp Act, and
the melancholy State of the North-American Commerce, so greatly restricted by
the Impositions and Duties established by the late Acts of Trade: They came to
the following Resolutions, viz.
- First, That in all Orders
they send out to Great-Britain, for Goods or Merchandize, of any Nature,
Kind or Quality whatsoever, usually imported from Great-Britain, they will
direct their Correspondents not to ship them, unless the Stamp Act be
repealed: It is nevertheless agreed, that all such Merchants as are Owners
of, and have Vessels already gone, and now cleared out for Great-Britain,
shall be at Liberty to bring back in them, on their own Accounts, Crates
and Casks of Earthen Ware, Grindstones, Pipes, and such other bulky
Articles, as Owners usually fill up their Vessels with.
- Secondly, It is further
unanimously agreed, that all Orders already sent Home, shall be
countermanded by the very first Conveyance; and the Goods and Merchandize
thereby ordered, not to be sent, unless upon the Condition mentioned in
the foregoing Resolution.
- Thirdly, It is further
unanimously agreed, that no Merchant will vend any Goods or Merchandize
sent upon Commission from Great-Britain, that shall be shipped from thence
after the first Day of January next, unless upon the Condition mentioned
in the first Resolution.
- Fourthly. It is further
unanimously agreed, that the foregoing Resolutions shall be binding until
the same are abrogated at a general Meeting hereafter to be held for that
In Witness whereof we have hereunto respectively
subscribed our Names.
[This was subscribed by upwards of Two Hundred
In Consequence of the foregoing Resolutions, the
Retailers of Goods, of the City of New York subscribed a Paper, in the Words
under-written, Retailers of Goods, do hereby promise and oblige ourselves not
to buy any Goods, Wares, or Merchandizes, of any Person or Persons whatsoever,
that shall be shipped from Great-Britain, after the first Day of January next;
unless the Stamp Act shall be repealed--As Witness our Hands.
Extract of a Letter from a principal House in
England to a Gentleman in New-York.
THE present Situation of the Colonies is
really alarming to every Person who has large Sums to come from them.--We feel
the Force of the late Act, in a very sensible Manner, being drove to our Wits
End to pay our Tradesmen, agreeable to the Time their Payments become due; and
if a Method is not taken, diametrically opposite to the former, you and we, and
indeed every Person of Property, must unavoidably sink under the present
Restrictions. The Colonies, at this present Moment, owe us One Hundred Thousand
Pounds and upwards, too large a Sum to be kept out of above two Years, and no
Remittances; and though two Vessels are arrived at London from New-York, the
whole Remittance was a single Hundred Pounds--This is what we cannot bear,
therefore are determined to stop our Hands in the Export Way, and will not ship
off a single Shilling's Worth, but to Persons who can and will pay us: If this
cursed Act is not repealed, we shall be great Sufferers, and our Manufacturers
thrown on their Parishes, for want of Support, whilst People who employed them,
will not be in a much better Situation. The Avenues of Remittances are stopped
with you, and Trade, the Basis and Foundation of England's Wealth, is intirely
shut up. We dread the Consequence, and know not to what Fatality we are
Other news from the Pennsylvania Gazette:
An Agreement of the same Kind, with that under the
New-York Head, relating to the Importation of Dry Goods, &c. from England, is now on Foot here.
On Friday and Saturday last, the Dreadful First
and Second Days of November, our Bells were rung muffled, and other
Demonstrations of Grief shewn.
From Lisbon we learn, that they had Advice there
of Mosegong, a Settlement belonging to the Portugueze, on the Coast of Barbary, being besieged by a strong Body of Moors.
Captain Steel, from Leith, on the 11th of
September, in Lat. 48:30, Long. 27, spoke the Brig Olive Branch, Captain
Robinson, from this Place for Rotterdam, out 29 Days, all well. On the 11th of
October, in Lat. 26:27, Long. 57:30, he spoke the Schooner Industry, Captain
Davis, from Boston for Dominica, out 21 Days.--In Lat. 27:30, Captain Steel met
with a Sloop belonging to Egg-Harbour, that had been blown off the Coast,
without a Navigator on board, and brought her safe in with him.
Captain Adams, from Barbados, on the 29th ult. off
Sinepuxent, spoke a Schooner from Rhode-Island, bound to Virginia.--Captain
Adams left Bridgetown the 11th of October, when the Stamped Paper for that Island was not arrived.
Captain Hunter, from Lisbon, on the 24th of last
Month, in Lat. 27:43, Long, 67, spoke two Sloops, from New-London for Barbados,
out three Days; a third Sloop was in Company, but he did not speak with her.
Captain Keith, from Londonderry, on the 12th ult.
in Lat. 44:47, spoke a Brig from Philadelphia for Glasgow. And on the 25th, in
Lat. 38:51, spoke a Snow from Boston for South-Carolina.
We hear from Georgia, that neither the Stamp
Master, nor Stamp Paper, had arrived there the 20th ult.
From Bermuda we have Advice, that Captain
Copperthorn, in a Ship from Virginia for London, having lost her Main-mast, ran
ashore, the Sixth of September, on the Rocks of that Island, when the Vessel
was entirely lost, but the People, and Part of the Cargoe, saved.
Arrived. Captain Hervey at Barbados, and Captain Aldborough at Jamaica, both from this Port. And Captain Thompson, at Jamaica, from New-York.
Credit: PA Gazette Nov. 7, 1765, facsimile