Smithsonian

Frederick Douglass in My Bondage and My Freedom

There are seventy-two crimes in the state of Virginia, which, if committed by a black man (no matter how ignorant he be), subject him to the punishment of death; while only two of these same crimes will subject a white man to the like punishment. What is this but the acknowledgement that the slave is a moral, intellectual, and responsible being. The manhood of the slave is conceded…

Would you have me argue that man is entitled to liberty? That he is the rightful owner of his own body? You have already declared it.

1855