Smithsonian

Lone Dog Winter Count

Winter counts served as references to aide remembrance of a group’s oral history. Rendered on a variety of material—buffalo skin, deer hide, muslin, or paper—these spirals of pictographs represent a year in the history of a tribe by depicting remarkable events. The pictographs are organized in chronological order, and cover a specified period of time. The Lone Dog Winter Count of the Lakota people covers the period 1800–1970. It is named after a dedicated keeper, Lone Dog.

Credit: Lone Dog Winter Count, National Museum of the American Indian, Cultural Resource Center, Catalog # 21/8701.